Wednesday, July 23, 2014
Survivor Wikipedia pages
Survivor (TV series)
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Not to be confused with Survivors, a British post-apocalyptic series.
A recreation of the logo for the first U.S. Survivor season, Survivor: Borneo.
Survivor is a reality game show produced in many countries throughout the world. In the show, contestants are isolated in the wilderness and compete for cash and other prizes. The show uses a system of progressive elimination, allowing the contestants to vote off other tribe members until only one final contestant remains and wins the title of "Sole Survivor." The format for Survivor was created in 1992 by the British television producer Charlie Parsons for a United Kingdom TV production company called Planet 24, but the Swedish version, which debuted in 1997, was the first Survivor series to actually make it to television.
1 Format 1.1 Castaways and tribes
1.2 Challenges 1.2.1 Tribal challenges
1.2.2 Individual challenges
1.2.3 Types of challenges
1.3 Tribal Council
1.4 Hidden immunity idols
1.5 Exile Island
1.6 Exile twists
1.7 Redemption Island
2 Variations in the format
3 Game rules
4 Survivor series 4.1 Notes
4.2 Current series
5 Other media 5.1 Thrill ride
5.2 Online games
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
Survivor, through its seasons and various international versions, has maintained the basic premise of the game despite several new rules and gameplay twists introduced in later seasons. In the game, sixteen to twenty contestants, the castaways, are split into tribes and assigned separate camps at the filming's location, typically a tropical setting. As a tribe, the castaways must survive the elements, construct shelter, build fire, look for water, and scrounge for food and other necessities for the entire filming period, around 39 days. In the first half of the game, the tribes face off in challenges, some for rewards of food, shelter, or luxury items, while others are for immunity, preventing the winning tribe from having to go to the next Tribal Council. Tribes that do go to Tribal Council discuss the events of the last few days with the host asking questions, and then must vote out one of their own players, eliminating them from the game.
In the second half of the game, the tribes are merged into a single tribe. Challenges are played at an individual level for individual rewards and immunity. At subsequent Tribal Councils, those eliminated start to form the jury, who sit in on all subsequent Tribal Councils but otherwise do not participate. When only two or three castaways remain, those castaways attend a final Tribal Council, where the jury is given the opportunity to ask them questions. After this, the jury members then vote to decide which of the remaining castaways should be declared Sole Survivor.
The following description of the show is based primarily on the U.S. version of Survivor, though the general format applies to all international versions.
Castaways and tribes
The tribe camp near the end of Survivor: Borneo. Tribes must build themselves basic shelters from natural resources and through reward items earned during the competition.
Players for each season are selected through applicants and casting calls, down-selecting to between sixteen and twenty players and additional alternates. U.S. version host Jeff Probst noted that while sixteen castaways makes it easier to split the tribes with respect to age and sex, they have used eighteen and twenty to provide them "wiggle room" in case of player injury or if one should want to quit the game. These players undergo physical and psychological evaluation to make sure they are physically and mentally fit for the survival endurance and will not likely quit during the filming period, replacing those that are questionable with the alternates. In one case, Fiji, on the day before filming was to start after they had dismissed their alternates, one of the castaways opted out of the competition, forcing production to start with nineteen players and adapting the activities of the first few days to accommodate the odd number of players.
Tribes may be pre-determined by production before filming starts. Often this is done to equalize the sexes and age ranges within both tribes. Other season have had the tribes separated by age, gender, or race. In other cases, the tribes may be created on the spot through schoolyard picks. Most often, only two tribes are featured, but some seasons have begun with three or four tribes. Once assigned a tribe, each castaway is given a buff in their tribe color to aid the viewers in identifying tribal alliance. Tribes are then subsequently given names, inspired by the local region, and directions to their camps.
At their camps, tribes are expected to build shelter against the elements from the local trees and other resources. Tribes are typically given minimal resources, such as a machete, water canteens, cooking pots, and staples of rice and grains, though this will vary from season to season. Sometimes, tribes will be provided a water well near the camp, but require the water to be boiled to make it potable, necessitating the need for the tribe to build fire. The tribes are encouraged to forage off the land for food, including fruits, wild animals, and fish.
In some seasons, a tribal swap will occur where one or more players will shift from one tribe to another. This may occur by random draw, schoolyard picks, or some other mechanism. When these occur, those players that shift tribes are given new buffs for their new tribe and return to that tribe's camp, with any personal possessions from their former camp moved with them. In Gabon, a tribal switch occurred twice. In seasons with more than two tribes, tribes may be merged down to two, or a tribe that has lost many members may be absorbed by the other remaining tribes. Once down to around half the remaining players, all remaining tribes are merged into one, usually allowing the players to select a new tribe name. In Palau, the Ulong tribe was whittled down to one castaway, so that instead of a normal merge, that player was absorbed into Koror. In Philippines, the Matsing tribe was absorbed by Tandang and Kalabaw tribes when it was down to two members.
Tribes compete frequently in both mental and physical challenges to win rewards or immunity, such as this race to pull cannons during the first episode of Survivor: Pearl Islands.
During both pre- and post-merge segments of filming, the castaways compete in a series of challenges. Tribes are alerted to these upcoming challenges by a message, often in rhyme, delivered to camp by the production team at a basket or box on a nearby tree; this message has come to be called "treemail", playing off the word "e-mail". The message typically hints at what the challenge might be. The message may also provide props to demonstrate this, practice equipment for the players, or a sampling of the reward.
Prior to the merge, tribes compete against each other in challenges. These most often are multi-segment obstacle courses that include both physical and mental elements with the tribe that finishes first declared the winner; commonly, these start with tribe members collecting puzzles pieces that are then used to solve a puzzle by other tribe members. Other challenges may be based on winning a number of rounds of head-to-head competitions. Challenges are normally held with equal numbers of all tribes participating and in some cases equal splits of gender. Tribes with more players will be asked to sit out as many players as needed to balance the numbers, with the stipulation that those players cannot sit out in back-to-back reward and immunity challenges. When one tribe has more than twice the other tribe members, then players in the larger tribe cannot participate in back-to-back challenges. Tribes are given time to strategically decide who should sit out and who will perform the various duties on a challenge.
After the merge, challenges are generally performed on an individual basis. These include similar obstacle courses as for team challenges, but will often also include endurance challenges, having players maintain the balance under precarious situations for as long as possible, with the last player remaining winning the challenge. In some cases, during post-merge challenges, the individuals will be split into separate teams, with only the winning team eligible for reward or immunity.
Types of challenges
Challenges can be played for rewards, immunity, or both. Rewards include food, survival equipment like flint, tarps, or fishing gear, luxury items, and short getaways from camp. Before the merge, the entire winning tribe will enjoy these rewards. Post-merge, only one player may win the reward but will be given the opportunity to select one or more other players to bring along with them on it. Individual challenge rewards may also include an advantage that can be used at the subsequent immunity challenge, such as advancing directly into the final round of the challenge without having to participate in the first round.
Immunity challenges provide the winning tribe or team with immunity from Tribal Council. Immunity is usually represented in a form of an idol prior to the merge, and a necklace afterwards. Prior to the merge, tribes with immunity do not attend Tribal Council, allowing them to stay intact. In seasons featuring more than two tribes, immunity will be available for all but the last place finishers, forcing this one tribe to Tribal Council. With individual immunity, those castaways still attend Tribal Council with the rest of the merged tribe, but, unless they assign immunity to someone else, are ineligible to be voted for. Winning immunity is only good for one Tribal Council; at the next immunity challenge, the tribe or castaway will be asked to give up the idol or necklace, making immunity "up for grabs". There have been a few cases in which individual immunity challenges have taken place prior to the merge whereupon usually one castaway in each tribe will be given immunity, after which both tribes will attend Tribal Council, one after the other. This is used to quickly dwindle the number of remaining castaways.
Though a wide variety of challenges have been used across the Survivor's broadcast, several challenges are frequently reused:
A food eating challenge, involving food items that may be local delicacies but are considered gross or revolting by the castaways.
A trivia or "know your tribe" quiz, where castaways who provide correct answers are allowed to knock other castaways out of the challenge and prevent them from winning.
A "Survivor Auction", used in place of a reward challenge, in which the players are given a sum of money to use to bid on food items (both known and unknown at the time of bidding), other momentary luxuries like a bath, or an advantage in the next immunity challenge.
A "Loved Ones" challenge, where a spouse, parent, sibling, adult child or friend of each castaway has been brought to the location to participate in the challenge with their castaway. The winner typically gets to spend more time with their loved one either on a brief trip or back at camp.
A "Second Chance" challenge, where elements of previous challenges are reused in a single course.
The final immunity challenge is often a long-lasting endurance challenge, giving the remaining castaways time to make bargains and last-minute deals to get into the final Tribal Council. Typically, before this challenge, a "Rites of Passage" ceremony is held in which the remaining castaways pay tribute to each of the previously eliminated players in turn.
Tribal Council is a specially built stage located near the tribe camps; tribes sit across a fire pit from the host, while the jury members, if present, sit off to the side. A small voting alcove adjoins the structure. Events at Tribal Council are presented as the finale of each episode.
The first time a tribe attends Tribal Council, its members are each given a torch and told to light it from the fire pit, with the statement that "fire represents your life in this game". If each person from a former tribe has never been there before after the merge, then he/she is given the opportunity to get the torch and light it. After the tribe is seated, the host will call in the jury (if post-merge), reminding them they are there to watch but not speak. The host will then proceed to ask the tribe questions regarding camp life and events he witnessed at the challenges over the last few days. During this process, internal strife within the tribe may be brought to light, and castaways in precarious situations may reveal information or bargain with others to keep themselves in the game. Though only a few minutes of these proceedings are shown to the viewing audience, some Tribal Councils have gone on for hours.
Subsequently, the host will ask the tribe member with the immunity necklace if they want to keep it or transfer it to someone else; whoever wears it after this possible exchange cannot be voted for. The host then asks each castaway to make their vote in the alcove. The castaway is given an opportunity to speak to a camera in a message directed to the person they are voting off and to the viewers before placing the vote in an urn. When all votes are made, the host collects the urn, tallies the votes and starts reading the votes one by one. When enough votes have been read to eliminate one player, all remaining votes are kept secret (although in most cases it is assumed that any left over vote are to the eliminated player), and that player is asked to bring the host their torch, who then snuffs it out. The player is then told "the tribe has spoken" and is instructed to leave the Tribal Council area. The remainder of the tribe is then allowed to return to camp with their torches, though in some seasons, if they have not earned or made fire yet, they have been required to douse their torches before leaving; in All-Stars seasons, any tribe(s) that have not earned or made fire yet have been asked to leave their torches at Tribal Council.
The eliminated player is given the opportunity to speak to a camera about their feelings of being eliminated before they are secluded with other eliminated castaways until the end of filming. Those players that will become jury members are sequestered until the end of the final Tribal Council, and are not allowed to discuss their voting or issues with the remaining contestants, other jury members, or the final players, in order to prevent any possible cooperation or collusion from subgroups within the jury.
Ties may occur. Normally, a second vote is held, with only the tied players eligible to be voted for. If this second vote does not break the stalemate, a tie breaker is used, the nature of which has changed throughout the seasons. The first tie breaker, used in The Australian Outback season, took into consideration the number of votes each of the tied players had accumulated in previous Tribal Councils, and the player with the most previous votes was eliminated. When this tie breaker was used again, in the Africa season, both players had an equal number of previous votes, so a trivia quiz involving questions about Africa was used to determine the winner, and the loser was eliminated from the game. In subsequent seasons, the tie-breaker mechanism has been a random drawing in which each player except those with immunity must draw a rock from a bag, and the player with the single purple rock is eliminated. The first time this mechanism was used was during the Marquesas season's "final four" Tribal Council. Host Jeff Probst later announced that using this tie breaker during the final four tribal council had been a mistake, and that it should only be used when six or more players are involved. . Since that season, while tribe members have occasionally considered deliberately creating a stalemate and allowing the purple rock tie-breaker to decide who goes home, they have tended to favor avoiding tie votes that would subject each of them to the risk of being randomly eliminated. When a tie has occurred with only four or fewer players left in a tribe, the tie breaker has been a challenge, which to date has always involved a race to be the first to build a small fire high enough to burn through a rope. The rock-drawing tie breaker was played again in Blood vs. Water; in this case, after reaching the first tie from voting, those that were not voted for had a brief period to come to a consensus of who to vote off or would otherwise have to draw rocks (black with one white rock) if they were not already immune.
The Final Tribal Council occurs when there are only two—or in later seasons three—players left in the game. The move to three final players was made so that the endgame would present more of a challenge to the castaway who wins the final immunity challenge: while that person is assured of being at the Final Tribal Council, they are not able to decide alone which of the other remaining castaways they will compete against for the jury's votes. At the Final Tribal Council, each remaining castaway is given time to make a statement to the jury. Then each jury member in turn addresses them, asking each a question or commenting on their behavior in the game in an effort to sway the other jury members; the castaways are free to respond to these as they see fit. The remaining castaways may be given time for a concluding speech. After this, the host has each jury member in turn go to vote in the alcove, this time for the person that they feel should be named the Sole Survivor. As with regular elimination votes, the jurors are given an opportunity to speak to the camera to explain their vote. The host then collects the urn, and in most seasons, holds on to it for a live reading of the votes on the season's final show where the Sole Survivor is announced. No tie vote for Sole Survivor has ever occurred. although in many seasons it has been a theoretical possibility. The juries that have chosen between only two finalists have in most cases had an odd number of members, making a tie vote impossible. Probst has said that the producers have a contingency plan to be used in case of a future tie, reportedly involving a "white envelope," but the exact nature of this tie breaker has not been made known.
Some players have been eliminated from the game by other means. Castaways who suffer severe injuries or exhaustion are evaluated by the medical team which is always on call. The medical team may provide treatment and give the player the option to continue in the game, warning them of the health risks involved. However, if the medical doctor determines that the player is at risk of permanent injury or death and needs to be removed from the game for their own health, they will be removed and taken to a nearby hospital. Occasionally, castaways who are not in need of medical treatment have decided to quit the game, without waiting to be voted out, due to physical or emotional exhaustion—either by making an announcement at a Tribal Council, in which case they are let out of the game without any vote, or by being recovered from camp after talking with others and being interviewed by the host. When a player leaves the game without being voted off, the other tribes are notified of the departed player's removal, and the next Tribal Council may be cancelled. After the players merge into one tribe, any who have been removed from the game by medical evacuation are still eligible to participate as jury members once the medical examiners deem them healthy enough to do so. Those that have quit the game voluntarily may also still be eligible for the jury, or they may instead be replaced by a player that was voted off earlier, and, if their reasons for leaving are considered sufficient, they may also still be allowed to make a farewell speech to the camera.
Hidden immunity idols
Hidden immunity idols are pocket-sized necklaces made to fit the theme of the season—that are hidden around the tribes' camps or other locations that the castaways have access to. When a castaway finds one of the idols, they have the option of concealing the fact that they have it, or strategically revealing the fact to other castaways. The idols can provide a one-time immunity to a castaway at Tribal Council, if played—which they can be, typically, anytime before the third-to-last Tribal Council. For example, they can be played during the tribal council of the final five castaways in a season where the final tribal council will consist of three players. The rules for playing the idol have changed during the seasons. In the first season where hidden idols were used, Guatemala, the rules provided that the idol must be played before the vote; other players could not vote for that player. Later, in Panama and Cook Islands, the idol could be played after the votes were read, nullifying the votes for that player; whoever received the next-highest number of votes was then eliminated. Beginning in Fiji and in all subsequent seasons, the idol has had to be played after the votes are cast, but before they are read. If it is played, any votes cast for that player do not count. This rule forces both the voters and the player with the hidden immunity idol to make a more complicated strategic decision: the voters may have to vote without knowing whether the person they are voting for has a hidden immunity idol, or without knowing whether that person will choose to play it, and the person with the idol must decide whether to play it without knowing whether enough votes have been cast to vote them out of the game. Sometimes, a player plays the idol and it turns out someone else got more votes, in which case the idol has been wasted. Other times, a player feels safe and decides not to play the idol, intending to save it to use at a later time, but ends up getting voted out and leaves the game with the idol unplayed. According to Probst, this latest version of the rules for using hidden immunity idols has proven to be a "happy medium" relative to the two previous versions. While this idol returned for Survivor: Cagayan, an additional idol that functioned under the same rules as in Panama and Cook Islands was also introduced at the merge, but with the stipulation that it could only be used by the player who found it.
The idol, once found by a player, cannot be stolen from them, but other castaways can look through their possessions to see if they have it. Sometimes a castaway who has an idol re-hides the idol in a location known only to them, to avoid the risk that others will find out they have it. The idol can be willingly transferred to another player at any point in the game, including at Tribal Council; in such cases, the castaway receiving the idol can play it to protect themselves. Idols, once played, may be returned to the game after being hidden at a new location. When a castaway is blindsided and voted out of the game while in possession of an idol without having played it, the idol is considered to have left the game, and is not replaced. Castaways have used the idol as a bargaining chip to align other players with them and swing pending votes in a specific direction; as a result, some players have been inspired to create fake hidden immunity idols, and either leave them the spot that the original idol was found, or carry them around, bluffing with the fake idol to attempt to alter people's voting strategies in advance of Tribal Council. If a fake idol is played at Tribal Council, the host notes that it is not the real idol and destroys it by throwing it in the fire. In the U.S. version of the show, the producers have decided that the fake idol strategy adds an interesting twist, and have therefore quietly provided materials, such as beads and paint, through normal props within the game, to better enable players to make these fake idols.
To help castaways find the idol, a series of clues are given to them in succession in a number of different ways. A clue may be given to the winner of a reward challenge, hidden among the reward prizes, announced by the host to all remaining castaways, or provided to a castaway who has been sent to Exile Island or temporarily sent to live with the other tribe. Castaways are under no obligation to share the idol clues with other players. Clues continue to be provided even after a player has secretly found the idol. Each successive clue includes all the previous clues given for that location. Only once an idol has been played, at which point the producers hide a new idol in a new location, are new clues provided to the players. Clues may lead to a location on Exile Island or back at the tribes' camps. In later seasons, players have been very aware that hidden idols may be in play from the start of the game and some have started to look for them near apparent landmarks before any clues have been provided. One castaway, Russell Hantz, was able to find six idols during his three appearances on the U.S. version of the show without the aid of clues. In light of this so-called "Russell factor," producers subsequently began hiding the idols in more difficult-to-find locations.
Exile Island is an island or other stretch of land, distant from the tribes' camp, where castaways are sent for one or more days. The decision of who goes to Exile is based on the results of a reward challenge; before the merge, the player sent to Exile was selected from the losing tribe by the winners, while post-merge, the winning player may select this player. That castaway remains at Exile up until the next immunity challenge. In some seasons, once the losing tribe's castaway for Exile has been picked, that player has the ability to pick a player from the winning tribe to join them at Exile.
Being sent to Exile Island is generally disadvantageous. The castaway sent is forced to fend for themselves, generally with only water and a machete being provided. The castaway is also separated from their tribe, causing them to lose out on strategy discussions or working with allied players. At the same time, Exile Island will either offer a clue or be the location of the hidden immunity idol; aligned players have sent their allies to Exile so that they can obtain the clue or idol and strengthen their position, and even in one case, a player selected himself to go to Exile specifically to receive the next clue. In one season, Gabon, the exiled player had the option of selecting the clue to lead them to the idol, or to choose comfort, being provided a sheltered hut with a hammock and fresh fruit to enjoy. If the player chooses the clue, he must rest outside the hut. If he chooses the comfort, he cannot find the idol.
The concept of Exile was first introduced in Survivor: Palau, when a single contestant was made to stay alone on a beach for a day as a result of being the first to drop out of an Immunity Challenge. However, this twist would not be used regularly until Survivor: Panama and was also used in Cook Islands, Fiji, Micronesia, Gabon and Tocantins. A selected player is exiled to a location (typically a small island) apart from the main tribe camps, typically for at least a day following a reward challenge and returning immediately before the following immunity challenge. The player selected may be either the first loser of a challenge (as was the case in Survivor: Palau), or a person selected by either the winning or losing tribe in the tribal phase, or an individual challenge winner in the individual phase. In Micronesia and Tocantins, one person from each tribe was sent to Exile Island. Unless stated otherwise, players who win the right to decide who goes to Exile Island may also choose to go themselves.
Also, whenever the number of contestants is uneven in formation of tribes (in initial division or switching, but not merging), the single-outed contestant will be treated as "tribeless" and sent to Exile Island immediately after formation (as in Survivor: Panama, Survivor: Fiji, and Survivor: Gabon). In this case, the contestant will return and join the tribe which loses a member at the following Tribal Council.
Once selected, the exiled contestant is immediately taken to the island by boat (or given a map to the "island"). On the island, there are few tools to survive with, typically a water canteen, a machete, a pot, and a limited amount of shelter. The two main disadvantages of being on Exile Island are the lack of food and water, which can weaken a player and make them less effective in challenges, and the isolation from other contestants, which can cause a player to become out of the loop and weaken their position in their tribe. Contestants are often sent to Exile Island for one or both of these strategic reasons.
The person exiled receives a consolation prize of sorts – a clue to the hidden immunity idol, which may or may not be located on the island, an "instant comfort" (as in Survivor: Gabon), or the right to change tribes (as in Survivor: Tocantins). If the exiled contestant is asked to return after the Tribal Council (whether they belong to a tribe or not), they will also be immune from being voted out at the respective Tribal Council.
The concept of Exile Island was also explored in the first season of Survivor South Africa, when eliminated contestants were exiled to "Dead Man's Island" and later given a chance to come back into the game. "Dead Man's Island" was known for its tough conditions and atmosphere of despair, as contestants had to survive there without real purpose until near the end of the game.
Only two seasons of the U.S. version have used different Exile twists. In China, tribes who win reward challenges won the right to "kidnap" someone from the losing tribe, and that person would have to stay with them until the next immunity challenge. The kidnapped person would be given a clue to the hidden immunity idol which he must give to one member of the winning tribe. In Samoa, a reverse version of the kidnapping rule was used, called "spy expedition" (also known as "observing"). The winning tribe would have to send one of their own to accompany the other tribe until the immunity challenge. Both of these twists were retired after the merge, since there is only one tribe after the merge.
Redemption Island is a twist introduced on Survivor: Redemption Island and also used on Survivor: South Pacific and Survivor: Blood vs. Water. Redemption island is a combination of the outcast twist on Survivor: Pearl Islands and the Exile Island twist introduced on Survivor: Panama. Eliminated contestants will go to Redemption Island instead of immediately going home. There they will fend for themselves as if they were still in the game until the next person is voted out. Whenever there are two or more people on Redemption Island there is a duel where the winner remains on the island and the losers are eliminated and must remove their buff and throw it into a small fire pit upon exiting.
If there is a double-elimination or any other disruption of the game's pattern, duels are put on hold until the game returns to normal. This results in 3 or 4 people dueling instead of 2. In Survivor: Redemption Island only the loser of the duel was eliminated. This resulted in 8 people still being in the game at the finale (4 in the main game, and 4 in Redemption). Jeff Probst admitted that this was a bit much, and for Survivor: South Pacific the rules were changed so only the winner remained in the game, while all others were eliminated.
At the merge, the person remaining in Redemption is entered back into the game and Redemption Island is reset. Then, once again, when 4 people remain in the main game the person remaining in Redemption is entered back into the game, but this time Redemption Island is taken out of play and there are no more second chances.
The twist was reintroduced for Survivor: Blood vs. Water to fit in with the loved one twist. In the premiere episode both competing tribes will vote one person out and they will be sent to Redemption Island. Prior to the duel should a castaway choose to swap with their loved one, they will compete in the duel while their loved one will take their place in the tribe. In addition winners of the duel will be given a clue to the hidden immunity idol which they can give to anyone on either tribe.
The player chosen as Sole Survivor receives a cash prize of $1,000,000 (prior to taxes). The Sole Survivor sometimes also receives a car provided by the show's sponsor.
In addition, the final five or six contestants may have the opportunity to compete for a car. The winner of this challenge has never won the game, leading to the concept of a "Survivor car curse".
Every player receives a prize for participating on Survivor depending on how long he or she lasts in the game. In most seasons, the runner-up receives $100,000, and third place wins $85,000. All other players receive money on a sliding scale, though specific amounts have rarely been made public. Sonja Christopher, the first player voted off in Survivor: Borneo, received $2,500. In Survivor: Fiji, the first season with tied runners-up, the two runners-up received US$100,000 each, and Yau-Man Chan received US$60,000 for his 4th place finish.
All players also receive an additional $10,000 for their appearance on the reunion show.
There have also been additional prizes given out, outside of the usual mechanics of the show:
In Survivor: The Australian Outback, Colby Donaldson won a Pontiac Aztek
In Survivor: Africa, Lex van den Berghe won a Chevrolet Avalanche.
In Survivor: Thailand, Ted Rogers won a Chevrolet TrailBlazer
In Survivor: All-Stars, Rob Mariano won a Chevrolet Colorado, and Amber Brkich—who Rob brought on the reward—received a Chevrolet Malibu as a bonus for being brought on the reward
In Survivor: Vanuatu, Eliza Orlins won a Pontiac G6
In Survivor: Palau, Ian Rosenberger won a Chevrolet Corvette
In Survivor: Guatemala, Cindy Hall won a 2006 Pontiac Torrent. She was given the option to relinquish her reward to give the other remaining players, but declined.
In Survivor: Panama, Terry Deitz won a GMC Yukon[disambiguation needed]
In Survivor: Fiji, Yau-Man Chan won a 2008 Ford Super Duty but gave it to fellow contestant Andria "Dreamz" Herd as part of a strategic deal.
At the Survivor: All-Stars, reunion, Amber, as the Sole Survivor, was asked to select one of her fellow contestants to receive a car; she selected Shii Ann Huang.
In Survivor: America's Tribal Council following the All-Stars finale, Rupert Boneham was selected by a popularity poll of Survivor viewers to win $1,000,000.
For two seasons, viewers of Survivor voted their favorite player to win a new car. Survivor: Panama: Cirie Fields
Survivor: Cook Islands: Ozzy Lusth
In Survivor: China, Denise Martin was selected by the show's producers to receive a prize of $50,000 due to misfortunes she claimed to have experienced after her return home following taping. It was later revealed her story was misleading, and she declined the $50,000, asking it to be donated to a pediatric AIDS charity instead.
From Survivor: China to Survivor: Caramoan, viewers of Survivor voted their favorite player to win $100,000. Below are the winners of their respective seasons. Survivor: China: James Clement
Survivor: Micronesia: James Clement
Survivor: Gabon: Robert "Bob" Crowley
Survivor: Tocantins: James "J.T." Thomas, Jr.
Survivor: Samoa: Russell Hantz
Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains: Russell Hantz
Survivor: Nicaragua: Jane Bright
Survivor: Redemption Island: Rob Mariano
Survivor: South Pacific: Ozzy Lusth
Survivor: One World: Kim Spradlin
Survivor: Philippines: Lisa Whelchel
Survivor: Caramoan: Malcolm Freberg
Variations in the format
Aside from the U.S. version, other franchises introduced variations and twists for the game. Most of these twists and variations are used in other franchises as well:
Expeditie Robinson Belgium/NetherlandsDuring the 2005 season the tribes were initially divided up by age into "Old" and "Young", with the old contestants being forty and older and the young contestants being under the age of thirty. This twist was later used during Survivor: Nicaragua and Robinsonekspedisjonen 2009.
During the pre-merge portion of the 2006 season two former contestants returned to the game to lead the tribes. As leader they were allowed to give individual immunity to any member of their tribe when they went to tribal council. Neither of these two contestants were eligible to win and both left shortly before the merge.
When there were only three contestants left during the 2006 season all of the contestants that had lost on "Losers Island" voted to eliminate one of the finalists.
The 2007 season began with one hundred contestants. Because many of these contestants weren't on the show for more than a couple of episodes many of their surnames are unknown.
When it came time to reveal the winner of the 2008 season it was revealed that the jury vote was tied at 3-3. This led to seventy four former contestants voting for a winner.
During the 2009 season the two tribes were initially composed of only women while a smaller tribe of men were hidden on a secluded beach. The men eventually entered the main competition in episode four. A similar twist was later used during Robinson 2011.
Koh-Lanta (France)In every season of Koh-Lanta, just before the tribe merge, an ambassador is chosen in each tribe. Through season 8, they had the power to give one more vote to any contestant for the first Tribal Council of the merged tribe. In season 9 and later seasons (including the two All-Stars seasons), they were able to directly eliminate a contestant. However, if none of the ambassadors agree to vote for/eliminate one contestant, they must draw one pearl from a bag. The one who gets the black pearl loses and either gets a vote, or is directly eliminated depending on the season.
During season 3 (Bocas del Toro), the oldest man and woman had the option to choose the composition of their respective tribes, as long as gender parity was respected.
During season 4 (Panama), the two tribes were divided by gender. However, after 8 days, the tribes were mixed. A variation was used during season 10 (Vietnam), where the tribes were divided by gender except that one person per tribe was of the opposite gender.
During season 5 (Pacific) and season 6 (Vanuatu), the tribes were divided by age: older or younger than 31 years old.
During season 7 (Palawan) and season 8 (Caramoan), there was a challenge before the tribes' composition was decided: the best man and woman got the privilege to decide on the composition of their tribes, while the last man and woman were directly eliminated. The latter rule was also applied in season 9 (Palau) and in the first All-Stars season.
During the second All-Stars season, seven previous contestants were part of one tribe, while the other tribe was composed of famous French sportsmen.
In season 11 (Raja Ampat), two new rules were introduced: the hidden immunity idol, known from its appearance in the US version, and a new rule called the "vote noir" (black vote). After a contestant gets voted out at the Tribal Council, he or she can vote one more time against one of the remaining contestants of his or her tribe before quitting the game. This vote is counted at the tribe's next Tribal Council.
The third All-Stars season featured sixteen former contestants who, despite their performances, hasn't previously become the Sole Survivor.
In season 12 (Malaysia), four contestants out of the starting 20 won't initially be part of either of the two starting tribes. Instead, they will be on a version of "Exile Island", and will need to prove themselves in order to be integrated into one of the two tribes. Also, for the first time in the history of the program, two contestants will be eliminated at once in a single Tribal Council.
Due to an accidental death during the initial days of shooting season 13, those in charge of producing the show decided to pull the plug on the 2013 season. Following a fierce discussion of these events in the media, the show's doctor took his own life, leaving the future of [Koh Lanta] very unsure.
Robinson Ekspeditionen DenmarkBecause it was originally thought that the fifth season of Robinson would be the last to air in Denmark, Robinson Ekspeditionen 2002 was the first ever "All-Stars" version of Survivor to be broadcast worldwide. Since then there have been several All-Stars versions including ones in America, Belgium/Netherlands, France, Israel, and Sweden.
During the 2005 season the contestants were divided up into tribes based on where they were from within Denmark.
During the 2006 season all of the contestants were well known Danish athletes.
In keeping with the theme of the season, during the 2006 season all of the contestants were eliminated through duels rather than voting.
During the 2007 season the tribes were composed of past contestants from Robinson Ekspeditionen and contestants of another show known as Paradise Hotel.
During the 2008 season the tribes were composed of fans of Robinson Ekspeditionen and former contestants from Paradise Hotel.
During the 2009 season the tribes were initially divided into "Smart" and "Dumb" based on the results of an IQ test the contestants took prior to the start of the competition.
During the 2010 season the contestants took part in a challenge that would ultimately divide them into "Masters" and "Slaves" within their own tribes (one tribe was composed of male masters and female slaves while the other was composed of female masters and male slaves).
Robinsonid (Estonia), Robinsoni (Latvia), Robinzonai (Lithuania)Because a representative from each participating country was necessary for the finale, the last remaining member of each tribe was immune from all remaining eliminations.
In all seasons of Baltic Robinson the jury would vote for who they didn't want to win as opposed to who they did. These votes would be added along with those given to the losers of plank (in all seasons) and those of the public (in the first two seasons) or of the finalists (in season 3).
Survivor IsraelIntroduced the "Double-Power Challenge" in Survivor 10: The Caribbean. The double-power challenge is an individual challenge, which is played after the Immunity challenge. Every person going to Tribal Council had to compete, and the winner of the challenge won an additional power at Tribal Council.
Introduced the "Veto Armlet" in Survivor 10: Pearl Islands. Aside from the Immunity Challenge, where the winner of the challenge wins the immunity, the Israel version introduced the Armlet Veto, wherein the winner of the Veto Challenge gets the armlet. The Veto Armlets purpose is to cancel the vote of a castaway.
Robinsonekspedisjonen NorwayIn November 2011 it was announced that the 2012 season of Robinsonekspedisjonen will be known as "Robinson: Vinter" (Robinson: Winter) and it will be the first ever season of Robinson or Survivor to ever take place in a cold climate as it will be filmed in Norway.
Survivor PhilippinesIntroduced the "Cursed and White Pearls", both roughly the size of a standard billiard ball. During the merge stage, the person voted out, before having his/her torch snuffed out, will receive either one or both of the Pearls and give each Pearl to one of the remaining castaways. The castaway who receives the Cursed Pearl gets one vote in the following Tribal Council. In case the Cursed Pearl is lost, the holder would then receive two votes. In-show, the Cursed Pearl is called the "Black Pearl" (though in the first season, its actual color is really silver). On the other hand, the White Pearl will have one vote subtracted from the count in the receiver's favor in the next Tribal Council, should at least one such vote comes up. This was introduced in the first season of Survivor Philippines.
Introduced the "Blood Pearl" in Survivor Philippines: Palau. The Blood Pearl served the same purpose as the Cursed Pearl, only, the holder would receive two votes in the next Tribal Council. In case the Blood Pearl is lost, three votes would be counted against the holder.
Introduced the Isla Purgatorio, which is called the Redemption Island in US version.
Introduced the "doubles format" in Survivor Philippines: Celebrity Doubles Showdown, wherein castaways are grouped as couples with preexisting relationships. In this format, the couple is treated as one castaway, wherein both members get immunity after winning Immunity Challenges, both win the reward from the Reward Challenges, and both are voted out in the Tribal Council.
Also in Survivor Philippines: Celebrity Doubles Showdown, the "Temptation Reward" was introduced. The winning tribe in a Reward Challenge would choose one or two of their own to be the only one/s partaking in the Temptation Reward. After being shown the Temptation Reward, the chosen one/s were then also presented with the consequence that comes upon accepting the Temptation Reward. Declining from the Temptation Reward is also an option, if those chosen would deem accepting it be too harmful for their life in the game.
Expedition Robinson Sweden
The title card for Expedition Robinson's 15th season, Robinson: Revanschen.During the 1998 and 1999 seasons, during the pre-merge portion of the competition when a tribe lost an immunity challenge the opposing tribe would vote to eliminate one of their members.
In the 1998 season a "Joker" joined the game midway through. Since then this twist has become very common among Survivor versions around the world.
During the 1999 season the contestants were initially divided into four tribes. This twist would later be used in the American version of Survivor during Survivor: Exile Island and Survivor: Cook Islands.
During the 1999 season the twist of "The Black Vote" was introduced. During the merge portion of the competition whenever someone was voted out before they left tribal council they would cast one more vote. This vote would then be carried over to the next tribal council and whoever received the vote, assuming they didn't have immunity, would have an extra vote against them.
During the 2002 season when a contestant was voted out they were sent to a secret island where they would take part in a duel with another eliminated contestant. The contestant who lost said duel would be eliminated for good while the winner remained on the island. The person still inhabiting the island when there were only three contestants left in the game would re-enter the competition. This twist would later be used in several different versions of the show and has recently been used on Survivor: Redemption Island and Survivor: South Pacific.
During the All-Stars version of Expedition Robinson the tribes were initially divided into two tribes, one composed of "Veterans" and the other of "Fans". This type of twist was also used in the American version of Survivor during Survivor: Micronesia.
During the 2004 season the twist known as "Team X" was introduced. Shortly after the competition began a new group of contestants entered the game and lived separately and secretly away from the other contestants until a certain point in the game. This twist has since also been used in Norway's 2009 season.
During the 2004 and 2005 seasons a former contestant entered the game. This twist has since been used in many different Survivor versions around the world.
During the 2005 season the tribes were initially divided up into a "Rich" tribe and a "Poor" tribe. This twist has since been used in the Danish, Norwegian, and American versions, most notably in Survivor: Fiji.
Twists with unknown originsDuring the year 2002 several different versions of Survivor used the twist of gender based tribes as a main twist for their seasons. Due to the fact that at the time the Baltic, Belgian/Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish seasons were all traveling together in order to conserve and pool their resources, there is no way to determine which production team came up with the idea of the twist (though it's unlikely to be the Baltic's or Norway's as neither edition has ever used this twist). The same twist was used a few months later in 2003 during Survivor: Amazon and a couple years later in 2004 during Survivor: Vanuatu.
This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (August 2013)
Conspiring to split winnings will result in immediate expulsion from the game.
Except for the occasional challenges which involve wrestling or limited combat, any physical violence between players will result in immediate expulsion from the game.
At Tribal Council, players are not permitted to vote for themselves, nor can they spoil their ballots or decline to cast a vote. Players must also show whom they voted for to the camera inside the voting booth.
Contestants must abide by U.S. law as well as local law. Breaking any of these laws will result in immediate removal from the game.
A regular hidden immunity idol can be played after the votes have been cast but before they are read.
A special hidden immunity idol can be played after the votes are read.
Hidden immunity idols cannot be stolen by another player.
If a contestant plays the hidden immunity idol, any votes cast for that contestant will not count, and the person with the next largest number of votes will be eliminated.
Contestants may not skip any tribal councils, nor can they refuse to participate in any immunity or reward challenge, unless the game offers them the opportunity to do so. This rule was allowed to be broken by Phillip Sheppard in Survivor: Caramoan.
Tribe members may not raid or visit the campsite of another tribe unless they are doing so as part of an immunity challenge, reward challenge or tribal merger activity with the other tribe. They also may not visit the TV crew compound. Exceptions to this rule have been made, though, as a result of accident (as seen in Survivor: Cook Islands) or challenge victories. In Survivor: Guatemala one tribe intentionally visited the other to invite them over to lounge in their lake pool.
If a contestant becomes seriously injured or sick, the player, fellow contestants, the host, or even the crew filming the players may call in a medical team for help. In some cases, the player can be treated at their camp, but the player may also be deemed unable to participate further by the medical team and then be taken from camp to a medical facility, and removed from the game. Often, the players may decide for themselves whether their health will allow them to continue.
Contestants deciding to quit the contest for any reason not health - or other-emergency-related may or may not be called back for the final jury, pending the producers' decision, and may or may not get their closing speech aired, if their reasons are sufficient enough. (This rule was added after the end of Survivor: Nicaragua.)
Depending on which country the show takes place in, contestants may be barred from killing certain forms of plant or animal life.
The Survivor format has been adapted for numerous international versions of the show, some named after the original Expedition Robinson.
Legend: Still in production No longer in production
Africa Survivor Africa M-Net Season 1, 2006: Tsholofelo Gasenelwe $100,000 Anthony Oseyemi
Arab World Survivor
(سرفايفر) LBC Season 1, 2005: Hussein El-Abass SR1,000,000 Tareq Mounir
Argentina Expedición Robinson Canal 13
Season 1, 2000: Sebastián Martino
Season 2, 2001: María Victoria Fernández
$100,000 Julián Weich
(Season 1 – 2)
Australia Australian Survivor Nine Network Season 1, 2002: Robert Dickson A$500,000 Lincoln Howes
Celebrity Survivor Seven Network Season 1, 2006: Guy Leech A$100,000
(For charity) Ian Dickson
Germany Expedition Robinson ORF
RTL 2 Season 1, 2000: Melanie1 DEM100,000
Azerbaijan Extreme Azerbaijan
(Ekstrim Azərbaycan) Space TV Season 1, 2011: Unknown Sports car Emin Əhmədov
Robinzonai TV3 Estonia
Season 1, 2000: Zane Mukane
Season 2, 2001: Māris Šveiduks
Season 3, 2002: Rimas Valeikis
(Season 2 – 3) Emil Rutiku
Džiungles Season 1, 2004: Dagmāra Legante €10,000 Tenu Karks
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson VT4
(Season 1 – 5)
(Season 6 – 13)
(Season 1 – 5)
(Season 6 – 7)
(Season 6 – 13)
Season 1, 2000: Karin Lindenhovius
Season 2, 2001: Richard Mackowiak
Season 3, 2002: Derek Blok
Season 4, 2003: Jutta Borms
Season 5, 2004: Frank de Meulder
Season 6, 2005: Marnix Allegaert
Season 7, 2006: Olga Urashova
Season 8, 2007: Vinncent Arrendell
Season 9, 2008: Yin Oei Sian
Season 10, 2009: Marcel Vandezande
Season 11, 2010: Regina Romeijn
Season 12, 2011: Tanja Dexters
Season 13, 2012: Fatima Moreira de Melo
(Season 3 – present)
(Season 1 – 2) Ernst-Paul
(Season 1 – 9)
Roos Van Acker
(Season 2 – 5)
(Season 6 – 7)
(Season 7 – 13)
(Season 10 – 12)
All-Stars Season 1, 2006: Ryan van Esch
Brazil No Limite Globo
Season 1, 2000: Elaine de Melo
Season 2, 2001: Léo Rassi
Season 3, 2001: Rodrigo Trigueiro
Season 4, 2009: Luciana de Araújo
R$ 500,000 Zeca Camargo
(Season 1 – Present)
Bulgaria Survivor BG
(Сървайвър БГ) BTV
Season 1, 2006: Neli Ivanova
Season 2, 2007: Georgi Kostadinov
Season 3, 2008: Nikolay Martinov
Season 4, 2009: Georgi Kehaiov
(Season 2 – 4)
People's Republic of China Into The Shangri-La
走入香格里拉) CCTV Season 1, 2001: Members of Sun Village A chance to
fulfill their dreams
Chile Expedición Robinson
(Celebrity Format) Canal 13 Season 1, 2006: Marcela Roberts $50,000,000
Colombia Expedición Robinson Caracol TV
Season 1, 2001: Rolando Patarroyo
Season 2, 2002: Cristóbal Echevarría
(Season 1 – 2)
de los Famo S.O.S.
(Celebrity Format) RCN TV
Season 1, 2004: María Cecilia Sánchez
Season 2, 2005: Leonel Álvarez
Season 3, 2006: Lucas Jaramillo
Season 4, 2007: José Javier Ramírez
(Season 1 – 4)
Croatia Survivor HRT
(Season 1) Season 1, 2005: Vazmenko Pervanu €100,000
Survivor Croatia VIP RTL Televizija
(Season 2) Season 2, 2012: Vladimir "Vlada" Vuksanović4 50,000€
Czech Republic Trosečník TV Prima Season 1, 2006: Ingrid Golasová 5,000,000 CZK Marek Vašut
Season 1, 1998: Regina Pedersen
Season 2, 1999: Dan Marstrand
Season 3, 2000: Sonny Pedersen
Season 4, 2001: Malene Hasselblad
Season 5, 2002: Henrik Ørum
Season 6, 2003: Frank Quistgard
Season 7, 2004: Mette Frandsen
Season 8, 2005: Mogens Brandstrup
Season 9, 2006: Diego Tur
Season 10, 2007: Rikke Gøransson
Season 11, 2008: Daniela Hansen
Season 12, 2009: Villy Eenberg
Season 13, 2010: Søren Engelbret
Season 14, 2011: Hugo Kleister
1,000,000 DKK(Season 5-9)
500,000 DKK(Season 10-Present)
250,000 DKK(Season 1-4)
(Season 1 – 6)
(Season 7 – 14)
Robinson: VIP Season 1, 2005: Tilde Fröling2 Mikkel Beha
Ecuador Expedición Robinson Teleamazonas Season 1, 2003: Tito Grefa $30,000
and a car Marisa Sánchez
Finland Suomen Robinson Nelonen
Season 1, 2004: Marjaana Valkeinen
Season 2, 2005: Mira Jantunen
(Survivor Finland) MTV3 Season 1, 2013: Jarkko Kortesoja €50,000
France Koh-Lanta TF1
Season 1, 2001: Gilles Nicolet
Season 2, 2002: Amel Fatnassi
Season 3, 2003: Isabelle Seguin and Delphine Bano
Season 4, 2004: Philippe Bordier
Season 5, 2005: Clémence Castel
Season 6, 2006: François-David Cardonnel
Season 7, 2007: Jade Handi and Kevin Cuoco
Season 8, 2008: Christelle Gauzet
Season 9, 2009: Christina Chevry
Season 10, 2010: Philippe Duron
Season 11, 2011: Gérard Urdampilleta
Season 12, 2012: Ugo Latriche
€100,000 Hubert Auriol
(Season 2 – Present)
Season 1, 2009: Romuald Lafite
Season 2, 2010: Grégoire Gorge
Season 3, 2012: Bertrand Bolle<br
(Season 1 – 3)
Ukanaskneli Gmiri Rustavi 2 Season 1, 2007–2008: Tamar Chanturashvili
Germany Survivor RTL 2
(Season 1 - 2)
Season 2, 2001: Alexander Kolo1
Season 3, 2007: Volker
Greece Survivor Mega TV
Season 1, 2003: Evagelina Dermetzoglou
Season 2, 2004: Konstantina Golias
(Season 1 – 2)
Turkey Survivor Mega TV
Season 1, 2006: Derya Durmuşlar3
Hungary Survivor A-Sziget RTL Klub
Season 1, 2003: Tünde Molnár
Season 2, 2004: Dávid Hankó
and car András Stohl
(Season 1 – 2)
India Survivor India – The Ultimate Battle Star Plus Season 1, 2012 : Raj Rani INR 1 crore Sameer Kochhar
Hisardut (Hebrew: Survival) Channel 10
Season 1, 2007-2008: Na'ama Kaesari
Season 2, 2008-2009: Erik Alper
Season 3, 2009: Shay Arel
Season 4, 2010: Natan Bashevkin
Season 5, 2011: Irit Rahamim Basis
Season 6, 2012: Itay Segev
₪1,000,000 Guy Zoaretz
(Season 1 – Present)
(Celebrity Format) Season 6, 2012: Itay Segev
Italy Survivor Italia Italia 1 Season 1, 2001: Milica Miletic €200,000
L'Isola dei Famosi
The Island Of The Famous Rai Due
Season 1, 2003: Walter Nudo
Season 2, 2004: Sergio Múñiz
Season 3, 2005: Lori Del Santo
Season 4, 2006: Luca Calvani
Season 5, 2007: Manuela Villa
Season 6, 2008: Vladimir Luxuria
Season 7, 2010: Daniele Battaglia
Season 8, 2011: Giorgia Palmas
Season 9, 2012: Antonella Elia
Season 1, 2002: Eri Minoshima
Season 2, 2002: Asami Kawamura
Season 3, 2003: Yasuhito Ebisawa
Season 4, 2003: Kōshin Gunji
(Season 1 – 4)
(Season 1 – 4)
Mexico La Isla, el reality Azteca 7
Season 1, 2012: María Reneé
Season 2, 2013: Cecilia Ponce
$2,000,000 Alejandro Lukini
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson RTL 5
Season 14, 2013: Edith Bosch
€50,000 Dennis Weening
Season 1, 1999: Christer Falch
Season 2, 2000: Therese Andersen
Season 3, 2001: Mia Martinsen
Season 4, 2002: Ann Karene Molvig
Season 5, 2003: Emil Orderud
Season 6, 2004: Jan Stian Gundersen
Season 7, 2007: Ann-Kristin Otnes
Season 8, 2008: Tom Andre Tveitan
Season 9, 2009: Lina Iversen
Season 10, 2010: Alita Dagmar Kristensen
Season 11, 2011: Lillan Ramøy
Season 12, 2012: Elisabeth Nielsen
Season 13, 2013: Bjørn Tore Bekkeli
Nils Ole Oftebro
(Season 2 – Present)
Robinson: VIP Season 1, 2005: Tilde Fröling2 Mikkel Beha
Pakistan Survivor Pakistan PTV
TVOne Season 1, 2006: Muhammad Ziad US$100,000
Philippines Survivor Philippines GMA
Season 1, 2008: John Carlo "JC" Tiuseco
Season 2, 2009: Amanda Coolley Van Cooll
₱3,000,000 Paolo Bediones
(Season 1 – 2)
Season 3, 2010: Akihiro Sato
Season 4, 2011-2012: Albert "Betong" Sumaya Jr.
(Season 3 – Present)
Poland Wyprawa Robinson TVN Season 1, 2004: Katarzyna Drzyżdżyk 100,000 zł Hubert Urbański
Portugal Survivor TVI Season 1, 2001: Pedro Besugo Esc10,000,000
Russia Последний герой
Last Hero C1R
Season 1, 2001: Sergey Odintsov
Season 2, 2002-2003: Veronika Norkina
Season 3, 2003: Vladimir Presnyakov, Jr
Season 4, 2003-2004: Yana Volkova
Season 5, 2004: Aleksey Matveyev
Season 6, 2005: Alexander "Conan" Alexeev
Season 7, 2008-2009: Vladimir Lysenko
Sergei Bodrov, Jr.
Scandinavia Robinson: VIP
(Celebrity Edition) TV3 Denmark
TV3 Sweden Season 1, 2005: Tilde Fröling2 SEK500.000
to charity Mikkel Beha
Serbia Survivor Srbija Prva
Season 1, 2008-2009: Nemanja Pavlov
Season 2, 2009-2010: Aleksandar Krajišnik
(Season 1 - 4)
Survivor Srbija: VIP Prva Season 3, 2010-2011: Andrej Maričić
Season 4, 2012: Vladimir "Vlada" Vuksanović4 €50,000
Slovakia Celebrity Camp TV JOJ Season 1, 2007: Aneta Paríšková 5,000,000 SKK Petra Polnišová
South Africa Survivor
South Africa M-Net
Season 1, 2006: Vanessa Marawa
Season 2, 2007: Lorette Mostert
Season 3, 2010: Perle "GiGi" van Schalkwyk
Season 4, 2011: Hykie Berg
Season 5, 2014: Graham Jenneker
(Season 1 - 2)
(Season 3 - 4)
Spain Supervivientes Telecinco
Season 1, 2000: Xavier Monjonell
Season 2, 2001: Alfredo "Freddy" Cortina
Juan Manuel López
(Season 1 - 2)
de los Famo S.O.S. Antena 3
Season 3, 2003: Daniela Cardone
Season 4, 2003: Felipe López
Season 5, 2004: Jose Antonio Canales Rivera
Season 6, 2005: Víctor Janeiro
(Season 3 - 6)
(Season 4 - 6)
Season 7, 2006: Carmen Russo
Season 8, 2007: Nilo Manrique
Season 9, 2008: Miriam Sánchez
Season 10, 2009: Maite Zúñiga
Season 11, 2010: María José Fernández
Season 12, 2011: Rosa Benito
Season 13, 2014: Abraham García
(Season 7 - 11)
(Season 8 - 10)
(Season 12 - 13)
(Season 12 - 13)
Sweden Expedition Robinson SVT
(Season 1 - 7)
(Season 8 - 9)
(Season 10 -
Season 1, 1997: Martin Melin
Season 2, 1998: Alexandra Zazzi
Season 3, 1999: Jerker Dalman
Season 4, 2000: Mattias Dalerstedt
Season 5, 2001-2002: Jan Emanuel Johansson
Season 6, 2002: Antoni Matacz
Season 7, 2003-2004: Emma Andersson
Season 8, 2004: Jerry Forsberg
Season 9, 2005: Karolina Conrad
Season 10, 2009: Ellenor Pierre
Season 11, 2009-2010: Hans Brettschneider
Season 12, 2010: Erik Svedberg
Season 13, 2011: Mats Kemi
Season 14, 2012: Mariana "Mirre" Hammarling
(Season 1 - 2)
(Season 3 - 7)
(Season 8 - 9)
(Season 11 - 14)
Robinson: VIP TV3 Season 1, 2005: Tilde Fröling2 SEK500.000
Switzerland Expedition Robinson TV3
Season 1, 1999: Andreas Widmer
Season 2, 2000: Stefanie Ledermann
Season 3, 2001: Cancelled/ Not Aired
CHF100,000 Silvan Grütter
(Season 1 - 3)
Turkey Survivor Turkey Kanal D
(Season 2 - 4)
Season 1, 2005: Uğur Pektaş
Season 2, 2006: Derya Durmuşlar3
Season 3, 2007: Taner Özdeş
Season 4, 2010: Merve Oflaz
(Season 2 - 3)
(with Celebrities) Show TV
Season 5, 2011: Derya Büyükuncu
Season 6, 2012: Nihat Altınkaya
Season 7, 2013: Hilmi Cem İntepe
Season 8, 2014: Turabi Çamkıran
Ukraine Oстанній герой
Last Hero ICTV Season 1, 2011: Andrey Kovalski
Season 2, 2012: Alexei Diveyeff-Tserkovny
United Kingdom Survivor ITV
Season 1, 2001: Charlotte Hobrough
Season 2, 2002: Jonny Gibb
United States Survivor CBS
Season 1, 2000: Richard Hatch
Season 2, 2001: Tina Wesson
Season 3, 2001-2002: Ethan Zohn
Season 4, 2002: Vecepia Towery
Season 5, 2002: Brian Heidik
Season 6, 2003: Jenna Morasca
Season 7, 2003: Sandra Diaz-Twine
Season 8, 2004: Amber Brkich
Season 9, 2004: Chris Daugherty
Season 10, 2005: Tom Westman
Season 11, 2005: Danni Boatwright
Season 12, 2006: Aras Baskauskas
Season 13, 2006: Yul Kwon
Season 14, 2007: Earl Cole
Season 15, 2007: Todd Herzog
Season 16, 2008: Parvati Shallow
Season 17, 2008: Robert "Bob" Crowley
Season 18, 2009: James "J.T." Thomas Jr.
Season 19, 2009: Natalie White
Season 20, 2010: Sandra Diaz-Twine
Season 21, 2010: Jud "Fabio" Birza
Season 22, 2011: Rob Mariano
Season 23, 2011: Sophie Clarke
Season 24, 2012: Kim Spradlin
Season 25, 2012: Denise Stapley
Season 26, 2013: John Cochran
Season 27, 2013: Tyson Apostol
Season 28, 2014: Tony Vlachos
Season 29, 2014: TBA
US$1,000,000 Jeff Probst
(Season 1 - Present)
La Gran Aventura Venevisión
Season 1, 2001: Gabriel Pérez
Season 2, 2003: Graciela Boza
^1 The German Survivor created their own version after airing a co-production of Austrian-German Survivor in season 1. Austria hadn't continued its own series nor co-produced an Austrian-German Survivor after season 1.
^2 Expedition Robinson 2005 (VIP) was a pan-regional version of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.
^3 Survivor: Greece vs. Turkey is a co-production between Greek and Turkish Survivor franchises. It was the third season of the popular show Survivor to air in Greece and the second season to air in Turkey. This was the first time that either country's franchise competed with another country and because of this the major twist this season was that the tribes were divided up by country of origin.
^4 Is a season co-produced by the Croatian and Serbian franchises. It was the second season of Survivor to air in Croatia and the fourth season to air in Serbia.
Bulgaria Survivor BG 2014 250,000 BGN
France Koh-Lanta All-Stars 2014 €100,000
Mexico La Isla, el reality 2014 $2,000,000
Netherlands Expeditie Robinson 2014 €50,000
Norway Robinsonekspedisjonen 2014 NOK300,000
United States Survivor: San Juan del Sur September 24, 2014 39 18 $1,000,000
One of the more novel merchandising items has been the interactive Survivor: The Ride thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California. The ride includes a rotating platform on which riders are divided into one of four "tribes." As the ride moves along an undulating track, riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks while drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents play in the background. Other theming includes Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue line and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops. The ride has since been rethemed as Tiki Twirl.
During the first Survivor seasons many online games based on forums were created. More specific Survivor online games appeared later.
In late 2013, a former contestant of the American Version of the show, Erik Reichenbach, launched a Kickstarter campaign for a Survivor styled online mobile app called "Islands of Chaos". It pits players from all over the world in a battle of challenges and strategy to be the last one standing. If the campaign is successful, the plan is to release the game free of charge on a range of platforms including on Apple and Android devices.
Beginning on July 8, 2007, a parody of Survivor called Total Drama Island appeared on the television network "Teletoon". This animated show included 22 summer campers who signed up to stay at a 5-star resort, which actually turned out to be a cruddy summer camp on an island somewhere in Muskoka, Ontario. The host, Chris McLean, is modeled after Survivor host Jeff Probst. The campers are taken to the island on boats to meet their fellow competitors, being heartbroken at the sight of their wasted summer. The campers were separated into two teams: The "Screaming Gophers" and the "Killer Bass". Every three days there would be a challenge for the campers to face, from jumping off a 1000-foot high cliff into a lake to survival skills. The losing team of each challenge would go to the Bonfire Ceremony the night of the challenge, and vote someone off the team, like Survivor. Each team member still in the game would receive a marshmallow, leaving one team member without one. The member who does not receive a marshmallow would have to walk the Dock of Shame and board the Boat of Losers to leave the island, and "Never ever ever ever ever" return (which turned out to be a lie in the episode "No Pain, No Game"). After 12 members of the island were voted off, the teams were merged. Two competitors were brought back into the game for another chance at the grand prize, C$100,000. When only three members are left, there is a sudden-death challenge. The person who does not accept a dare is immediately taken off the island. For the final challenge, the 20 campers voted off the island are brought back to root for one of the two survivors. The winner receives a check for the C$100,000 and the final marshmallow. The show then ends with Chris thrown off the Dock of Shame. The show aired in 188 countries and also appeared on the channels of Cartoon Network and Jetix. The show became a critical and commercial success and it spun-off into a series.
List of television show franchises
1.Jump up ^ Probst, Jeff (2009-10-23). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Samoa': episode #6". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
2.Jump up ^ "Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"". Retrieved 2007-01-12.
3.Jump up ^ Probst, Jeff (2010-02-26). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Heroes vs Villains': Episode 3". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-02-26.
4.Jump up ^ CBS Survivor: Redemption Island - Rites of Passage Video Official CBS Website - Retrieved 2011-05-17
5.Jump up ^ Ross, Dalton (2005-02-07). "The Host Has Spoken". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2008-06-04.
6.Jump up ^ "Returning Shows". Retrieved 2007-09-21.
7.Jump up ^ Rocchio, Christopher (2008-05-12). "Exclusive: Amanda Kimmel discusses 'Micronesia,' losing 'Survivor' twice". Reality TV World. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
8.Jump up ^ "The Slug" - Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"
9.Jump up ^ "Survivor: Cagayan Preview Special". CBS. February 12, 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
10.Jump up ^ Probst, Jeff (2009-03-13). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Tocantins': episode 5". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-03-13.
11.Jump up ^ Probst, Jeff (2009-04-03). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Tocantins' (episode 6)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2009-04-03.
12.Jump up ^ Probst, Jeff (2010-04-30). "Jeff Probst blogs 'Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains' episode 11". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
13.Jump up ^ Richard Hatch: Tax Evader
14.Jump up ^ Smith, Stephan (2006-12-09). "Car Curse In Cruise Control". CBS News. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
15.Jump up ^ Senior Women Web
16.Jump up ^ "He lost a million, won our hearts on 'Survivor'". Retrieved 2007-05-15.
17.Jump up ^ Survivor's Lindsey Discusses Fame, Fortune, and the AIDS Benefit Reality News Online
18.Jump up ^ "‘Survivor’ lunch lady to donate $50,000 gift".
19.Jump up ^ "Bulgaria Survivor contestant dies". BBC News. 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2010-03-27.
20.Jump up ^ "Survivor: The Ride – LoveToKnow Themeparks".
21.Jump up ^ kickstarter.com "Islands of Chaos: The Strategic Adventure Mobile App".
United Kingdom Season #1 (2001)
Waddell, Dan. Survivor: Trust No One: The Official Inside Story of TV's Toughest Challenge. London: Carlton, [December,] 2001.
United Kingdom Season #2: Survivor: Panama (2002)
Waddell, Dan. Survivor: Panama. London: Carlton, [June,] 2002.
United States Season #1: Survivor: Pulau Tiga, Borneo (2000)
Boesch, Rudy, and Jeff Herman. The Book of Rudy: The Wit and Wisdom of Rudy Boesch. No location: Adams Media Corporation, 2001.
Burnett, Mark, with Martin Dugard. Survivor: The Ultimate Game: The Official Companion Book to the CBS Television Show. New York: TV Books, 2000.
Hatch, Richard. 101 Survival Secrets: How to Make $1,000,000, Lose 100 Pounds, and Just Plain Live Happily. New York: Lyons Press, 2000.
Lance, Peter. Stingray: Lethal Tactics of the Sole Survivor: The Inside Story of How the Castaways were Controlled on the Island and Beyond. Portland, Oregon: R.R. Donnelley, 2000.
United States Season #2: Survivor: The Australian Outback (2001)
Burnett, Mark. Dare to Succeed: How to Survive and Thrive in the Game of Life. No location: Hyperion, 2001.
Survivor II: The Field Guide: The Official Companion to the CBS Television Show. New York: TV Books, 2001.
United States Season #6: Survivor: Amazon (2003)
ChillOne, The. The Spoiler: Revealing the Secrets of Survivor. Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse, 2003.
United States Season #9: Survivor: Vanuatu -Islands of Fire (2004)
Burnett, Mark. Jump In!: Even If You Don't Know How to Swim. New York: Ballantine Books, 2005.
Various Seasons, esp. United States 1–6
Survivor Lessons, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Andrew F. Wood. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2004.
Wright, Christopher J. Tribal Warfare: Survivor and the Political Unconscious of Reality Television (Series: Critical Studies in Television). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2006.
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Survivor (U.S. TV series)
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For the recently concluded season, see Survivor: Cagayan. For the upcoming season, see Survivor: San Juan del Sur.
Theme music composer
Russ Landau (2000–13)
Country of origin
No. of seasons
No. of episodes
480i (SDTV) (2000–08)
1080i (HDTV) (2008–present)
May 31, 2000 – present
Survivor is the American version of the Survivor reality game show, itself derived from the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1997 by Charlie Parsons. The series premiered on May 31, 2000, on CBS. It is hosted by television personality Jeff Probst, who is also an executive producer, and also executive produced by Mark Burnett and original creator, Charlie Parsons.
The show maroons a group of strangers (as one or more tribes) in a desolate locale, where they must provide food, water, fire, and shelter for themselves, while competing in challenges to earn either a reward, or an immunity from expulsion from the game in the next of the successive votes for elimination. While much less common than elimination by vote, medical conditions, such as injury or infection, have eliminated several contestants. The last two or three survivors face a jury composed of the last seven, eight, or nine players voted off. That jury interrogates the final few, and then votes for the winner of the game, the title of Sole Survivor and a million dollar prize.
The American version has been very successful. From the 2000–01 through the 2005–06 television seasons its first eleven seasons (competitions) rated amongst the top ten most watched shows. It is commonly considered the leader of American reality TV because it was the first highly rated and profitable reality show on broadcast television in the U.S., and is considered one of the best shows of the 2000s (decade). The series has been nominated for several Emmy Awards, including winning for Outstanding Sound Mixing in 2001, Outstanding Special Class Program in 2002, and was subsequently nominated four times for Outstanding Reality-Competition Program when the category was introduced in 2003. Jeff Probst has won the award for Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program four consecutive times since the award was introduced in 2008. In 2007, the series was included in Time magazine's list of the 100 greatest TV shows of all-time.
Season 29, Survivor: San Juan del Sur, will debut on September 24, 2014. The series has also been renewed for a thirtieth season, to air in early 2015.
1 Format and rules
2 Series overview
4 U.S. television ratings
5 Awards and nominations 5.1 Primetime Emmy Awards
6 Post-show auctions
7 Controversies and legal action
9 DVD releases
10 Other media 10.1 Video games
10.3 Thrill ride
11 See also
13 External links
Format and rules
Further information: Survivor (TV series) § Game rules
The first U.S. season of Survivor followed the same general format as the Swedish series. Sixteen or more players are split between two or more "tribes", are taken to a remote isolated location (usually in a tropical climate) and are forced to live off the land with meager supplies for roughly a month. Frequent physical challenges are used to pit the teams against each other for rewards, such as food or luxuries, or for "immunity", forcing the other tribe to attend "Tribal Council", where they must vote off one of their players. Once about half the players are remaining, the tribes are merged into a single tribe, and competitions are on an individual basis; winning immunity prevents that player from being voted out, while several that are voted out at this stage form the game's "jury". Once down to two or three people, a final Tribal Council is held where the remaining players plead their case to the jury members. The jury then votes for which player should be considered the "Sole Survivor" and win the show's prize. In all seasons for the United States version, this has included a $1 million prize in addition to the Sole Survivor title; some seasons have included additional prizes such as a car.
The U.S. version has introduced numerous modifications, or "twists", on the core rules in order to keep the players on their toes and to prevent players from relying on strategies that succeeded in prior seasons. These changes have included tribal switches, seasons starting with more than two tribes, the ability to exile a player from a tribe for a short time, hidden immunity idols that players can use to save themselves at Tribal Council and a chance to return to regular gameplay after elimination through "Redemption Island".
The United States version is produced by Mark Burnett and hosted by Jeff Probst. Each competition is called a season, has a unique name, and lasts from 13 to 16 episodes. The first season was broadcast as a summer replacement show in 2000. Starting with Survivor: Africa, there have been two seasons aired during each U.S. television season.
In the first season there was a 75-person crew. By season 22 the crew had grown to 325 people.
There have been a total of 424 contestants that have competed on Survivor's 28 seasons.
List of Survivor (U.S.) seasons
1 Survivor: Borneo Pulau Tiga, Sabah, Malaysia Two tribes of eight Richard Hatch Kelly Wiglesworth 4–3 The only season to have the winner revealed on location rather than live and in the U.S.
2 Survivor: The Australian Outback Herbert River at Goshen Station, Queensland, Australia Tina Wesson Colby Donaldson 4–3 First season to be filmed for more than 39 days, running 42 days
3 Survivor: Africa Shaba National Reserve, Kenya Ethan Zohn Kim Johnson 5–2 The first season to feature a tribal swap
4 Survivor: Marquesas Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia Vecepia Towery Neleh Dennis 4–3
5 Survivor: Thailand Ko Tarutao, Satun Province, Thailand Two tribes of eight picked by the two oldest players, Jake and Jan Brian Heidik Clay Jordan 4–3 First season to have the game merge with less than 10 contestants.
6 Survivor: The Amazon Rio Negro, Amazonas, Brazil Two tribes of eight divided by gender Jenna Morasca Matthew Von Ertfelda 6–1
7 Survivor: Pearl Islands Pearl Islands, Panama Two tribes of eight Sandra Diaz-Twine Lillian Morris 6–1 Featured the Outcast Tribe twist; first season to have two contestants re-enter the game
8 Survivor: All-Stars Three tribes of six returning players Amber Brkich Rob Mariano 4–3 The first time a season began with 3 individual tribes; first season to begin with 18 contestants; first time that former castaways returned
9 Survivor: Vanuatu Efate, Shefa Province, Vanuatu Two tribes of nine divided by gender Chris Daugherty Twila Tanner 5–2
10 Survivor: Palau Koror, Palau A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine; two eliminated without a tribe Tom Westman Katie Gallagher 6–1 First season to begin with 20 players; introduced Exile island
11 Survivor: Guatemala Laguna Yaxhá, Yaxhá-Nakúm-Naranjo National Park, Petén, Guatemala Two tribes of nine, including two returning players Danni Boatwright Stephenie LaGrossa 6–1 Introduced the hidden immunity idol. First season to have returning contestants compete against new contestants.
12 Survivor: Panama Pearl Islands, Panama Four tribes of four divided by age and gender Aras Baskauskas Danielle DiLorenzo 5–2 The first time a season began with four tribes, first time tribes divided by age
13 Survivor: Cook Islands Aitutaki, Cook Islands, New Zealand Four tribes of five divided by ethnicity: African Americans, Whites, Hispanics, and Asians Yul Kwon Ozzy Lusth Becky Lee 5–4–0 Introduced a twist involving kidnapping a player from the opposing tribe as well as the mutiny twist. First season to feature three contestants in the finals, instead of two. First season to feature nine jurors instead of seven.
14 Survivor: Fiji Macuata, Vanua Levu, Fiji Two tribes of nine divided by a selected castaway, who would join the tribe who lost the first challenge Earl Cole Cassandra Franklin & Dre "Dreamz" Herd 9–0–0 Only season to have an odd number of contestants.
15 Survivor: China Zhelin, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, China Two tribes of eight Todd Herzog Courtney Yates Amanda Kimmel 4–2–1
16 Survivor: Micronesia Koror, Palau Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants Parvati Shallow Amanda Kimmel 5–3 First season to feature a tribe of new players, "Fans," facing off against a tribe of returning players, "Favorites." First season to feature eight jurors.
17 Survivor: Gabon Wonga-Wongue Presidential Reserve, Estuaire, Gabon A schoolyard pick of two tribes of nine, starting with the oldest players, Bob & Gillian Robert "Bob" Crowley Susie Smith Jessica "Sugar" Kiper 4–3–0 First season to feature two mandatory tribal switches; first time the show was shot and aired in HD
18 Survivor: Tocantins Jalapão, Tocantins, Brazil Two tribes of eight James "J.T." Thomas Jr. Stephen Fishbach 7–0
19 Survivor: Samoa Upolu, Samoa Two tribes of ten Natalie White Russell Hantz Mick Trimming 7–2–0 First season to feature tribe leaders; a member of the winning tribe would accompanying the losing tribe back to their camp. First season to have a merge with more than 10 contestants.
20 Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains Two tribes of ten returning players, divided by "hero" or "villain" status Sandra Diaz-Twine Parvati Shallow Russell Hantz 6–3–0
21 Survivor: Nicaragua San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua Two tribes of ten divided by age Jud "Fabio" Birza Chase Rice Matthew "Sash" Lenahan 5–4–0 Featured the Medallion of Power
22 Survivor: Redemption Island Two tribes of nine, including two returning players Rob Mariano Phillip Sheppard Natalie Tenerelli 8–1–0 Introduced Redemption Island
23 Survivor: South Pacific Upolu, Samoa Sophie Clarke Benjamin "Coach" Wade Albert Destrade 6–3–0
24 Survivor: One World Two tribes of nine divided by gender Kim Spradlin Sabrina Thompson Chelsea Meissner 7–2–0 Both tribes lived on the same beach as two separate tribes from the onset
25 Survivor: Philippines Caramoan, Camarines Sur, Philippines Three tribes of six, including three returning players who had been medically evacuated in a previous season Denise Stapley Lisa Whelchel & Michael Skupin 6–1–1
26 Survivor: Caramoan Two tribes of ten: new players against past contestants John Cochran Dawn Meehan & Sherri Biethman 8–0–0
27 Survivor: Blood vs. Water Palaui Island, Santa Ana, Cagayan, Philippines Two tribes of ten: returning contestants against their loved ones Tyson Apostol Monica Culpepper Gervase Peterson 7–1–0 Introduced the ability to swap places with a loved one on Redemption Island.
28 Survivor: Cagayan Three tribes of six divided by primary attribute: "brawn" vs. "brains" vs. "beauty" Tony Vlachos Yung "Woo" Hwang 8–1 Introduced a special hidden immunity idol that could be played after the votes are read and could not be given away to another player.
29 Survivor: San Juan del Sur San Juan del Sur, Rivas, Nicaragua Two tribes of nine; Pairs of new players, each with a pre-existing relationship
The American version of Survivor has been shot in many locations around the world since the first season, usually favoring warm and tropical climates.
Locations (season number)
Africa Kenya (3), Gabon (17)
Asia Malaysia (1), Thailand (5), China (15), Philippines (25, 26, 27, 28)
Oceania Australia (2), French Polynesia (4), Vanuatu (9), Palau (10, 16), Cook Islands (13), Fiji (14), Samoa (19, 20, 23, 24)
North America Panama (7, 8, 12), Guatemala (11), Nicaragua (21, 22, 29, 30)
South America Brazil (6, 18)
Since "The Australian Outback", the announcement of each season's winner and subsequent reunion have been broadcast live in front of a studio audience, usually alternating between the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City (home to CBS' Late Show with David Letterman) and CBS Television City or the CBS Studio Center in Los Angeles.
U.S. television ratings
Survivor has consistently been one of the top 20 most watched shows through its first 18 seasons and from seasons 21 to 23.
Seasonal rankings (based on average total viewers per episode) of the United States version of Survivor on CBS.
Note: Each U.S. network television season starts in late September and ends in late May, which coincides with the completion of May sweeps.
Wednesday 8:00 pm
May 31, 2000 15.51 August 23, 2000 51.69 36.70
Survivor: The Australian Outback
January 28, 2001 45.371 May 3, 2001 36.35 28.01
Survivor: Africa October 11, 2001 23.84 January 10, 2002 27.26 19.05
Survivor: Marquesas February 28, 2002 23.19 May 19, 2002 25.87 17.89 6 20.77
Survivor: Thailand September 19, 2002 23.05 December 19, 2002 24.08 20.43
Survivor: The Amazon February 13, 2003 23.26 May 11, 2003 22.29 17.65 9 19.97
Survivor: Pearl Islands September 18, 2003 21.50 December 14, 2003 25.23 21.87
Survivor: All-Stars February 1, 2004 33.531 May 9, 2004 24.76 23.92 3 21.49
Survivor: Vanuatu September 16, 2004 20.06 December 12, 2004 19.72 15.23
Survivor: Palau February 17, 2005 23.66 May 15, 2005 20.80 15.48 5 20.91
Survivor: Guatemala September 15, 2005 18.41 December 11, 2005 21.18 15.21
Survivor: Panama February 2, 2006 19.20 May 14, 2006 17.07 11.65 11 16.82
Survivor: Cook Islands September 14, 2006 18.00 December 17, 2006 16.42 13.53
Survivor: Fiji February 8, 2007 16.68 May 13, 2007 13.63 11.43 15 14.83
Survivor: China September 20, 2007 15.35 December 16, 2007 15.10 12.22
Survivor: Micronesia February 7, 2008 14.02 May 11, 2008 12.92 10.84 11 13.61
Survivor: Gabon September 25, 2008 13.05 December 14, 2008 13.77 11.74
Survivor: Tocantins February 12, 2009 13.63 May 17, 2009 12.94 11.59 19 12.86
Survivor: Samoa September 17, 2009 11.66 December 20, 2009 13.97 11.68
Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains February 11, 2010 14.15 May 16, 2010 13.46 10.65 14 12.60
September 15, 2010 12.23 December 19, 2010 13.58 11.19
Survivor: Redemption Island February 16, 2011 11.17 May 15, 2011 13.30 10.97 18 12.59
Survivor: South Pacific September 14, 2011 10.74 December 18, 2011 13.07 9.92
Survivor: One World February 15, 2012 10.79 May 13, 2012 10.34 7.72 26 11.64
Survivor: Philippines September 19, 2012 11.37 December 16, 2012 11.46 8.77
Survivor: Caramoan February 13, 2013 8.94 May 12, 2013 10.16 8.13 28 10.82
Survivor: Blood vs. Water September 18, 2013 9.73 December 15, 2013 10.19 7.46
Survivor: Cagayan February 26, 2014 9.40 May 21, 2014 9.58 7.14
^1 The season premieres of Survivor: The Australian Outback and Survivor: All-Stars each aired after a Super Bowl. Survivor seasons (competitions) broadcast in winter/spring have had episodes moved to Wednesdays at 8:00 pm to avoid conflicts with broadcasts of the first two weeks of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship. For Survivor: Marquesas and every competition between with Survivor: The Amazon and Survivor: Blood vs. Water, the finale was broadcast Sunday at 8:00 pm. For Survivor: Cagayan the two-hour finale and live reunion aired in its Wednesday time slot, marking only the second time the show's finale has aired on a Wednesday, following Survivor: Borneo.
^2 Survivor: Blood vs. Water and Survivor: Cagayan are listed together in the final rankings as Survivor. Previously, seasons were listed separately.
Awards and nominations
Primetime Emmy Awards
2001 Outstanding Non-Fiction Program (Special Class) Won
2001 Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Non-Fiction Program For episode "#1" Won
2001 Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming "A Honeymoon Or Not" Nominated
2001 Outstanding Main Title Theme Music Russ Landau Nominated
2001 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming "Trial By Fire" Nominated
2001 Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Miniseries, Movie or a Special "Survivor: The Reunion (#1.14)" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-Camera) for VMC Programming "Finale and the Reunion" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Two Peas in a Pod" Nominated
2002 Outstanding Technical Direction, Camerawork, Video for a Series "Finale and the Reunion" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Art Direction for a Variety or Music Program Nominated
2003 Outstanding Cinematography for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "The Importance Of Being Earnest" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "More Than Meats The Eye" Nominated
2003 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2004 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Beg, Barter And Steal" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Swimming With Sharks" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Shark Attack" Nominated
2004 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2004 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "They're Back" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "This Has Never Happened Before" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "This Has Never Happened Before" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Culture Shock and Violent Storms" Nominated
2005 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2005 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Love is in the Air, Rats are Everywhere" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Cinematography for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Picture Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Starvation & Lunacy" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Salvation And Desertion" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Reality/Competition Program Nominated
2006 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2006 Outstanding Sound Editing for Nonfiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Big Trek, Big Trouble, Big Surprise" Nominated
2007 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "An Evil Thought" Nominated
2008 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "He's A Ball Of Goo!" Nominated
2008 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2008 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Just Don't Eat The Apple" Nominated
2009 Outstanding Sound Mixing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "The Poison Apple Needs To Go" Nominated
2009 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2009 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "The Camp Is Cursed" Nominated
2010 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Tonight, We Make Our Move" Nominated
2010 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2010 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Slay Everyone, Trust No One" Won
2011 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Don't You Work For Me?" Nominated
2011 Outstanding Host for a Reality or Reality-Competition Program Jeff Probst Won
2011 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Rice Wars" Nominated
2012 Outstanding Picture Editing for Non-Fiction Programming (Single or Multi-Camera) "Cult-Like" Nominated
2012 Outstanding Cinematography for Reality Programming "Running the Show" Nominated
At the end of each U.S. Survivor season from Survivor: Africa onward, various Survivor props and memorabilia are auctioned online for charity. The most common recipient has been the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation. Most recently, proceeds have gone toward The Serpentine Project, a charity founded by Jeff Probst, dedicated to helping those transitioning out of foster care upon emancipation at eighteen years of age. Items up for auction have included flags, mats, tree mails, contestant torches, contestant clothing, autographed items, immunity idols and the voting urn.
Controversies and legal action
In February 2001, Stacey Stillman filed a lawsuit claiming that producers interfered in the process of Survivor: Borneo by persuading two members of her tribe (Sean Kenniff and Dirk Been) to vote her off instead of Rudy Boesch.
During a reward trip on Survivor: The Australian Outback, Colby Donaldson removed corals from the Great Barrier Reef and in the same trip, a helicopter involved with the production crew flew around protected sea bird rookeries. Both acts violated Australian law and the incidents could have resulted in fines up to A$110,000. Mark Burnett, the executive producer, issued an apology on behalf of Donaldson and the Survivor production team.
At the tribal immunity challenge for the final four players on Survivor: Africa, host Jeff Probst asked which female player in their season had no piercings. Kim Johnson answered Kelly Goldsmith, got the point, and went on to win the challenge, which put her through to the final three and ultimately (after winning another immunity challenge) the final two. Unbeknownst to the producers, another contestant on "Africa", Lindsey Richter, also had no piercings. Lex van den Berghe's answer had been Lindsey, but the show did not award him a point, which could have significantly changed the outcome of the challenge and the overall game. CBS later paid van den Berghe and Tom Buchanan, who had finished in fourth place, a settlement.
In an attempt to win a reward challenge on Survivor: Pearl Islands, contestant Jon Dalton conspired with his friend, Dan Fields, before the show even started, in what Probst has described as the greatest lie on Survivor to date. Fields told Dalton that his grandmother, Jean Cooke, had died, in order to win sympathy from his tribemates and subsequently win the reward. In reality, Cooke had not died, a fact that only emerged to his tribemates once the episode had aired. After the challenge, Dalton admitted in a confessional that his grandmother was alive and "probably watching Jerry Springer right now". When the show's producers learned of Cooke's alleged death, they called Dalton's family to offer their condolences, only to have Cooke herself answer the phone. On the "Pearl Islands" reunion show, Probst had a short interview with Cooke, who was indeed alive and well.
In the fifth episode of Survivor: All-Stars, a naked Richard Hatch came into contact with Sue Hawk after she blocked his path during an immunity challenge. Hatch was voted out that day for other reasons, but Hawk quit the game two days later as a result of what had happened. Hawk considered filing a lawsuit against the parties involved, but appeared with Hatch on The Early Show the morning after the sixth episode aired, stating she opted out of legal action because CBS had helped her "deal with the situation".
Rupert Boneham, a contestant on Pearl Islands and All-Stars, was extremely popular with television audiences, but finished eighth and fourth, respectively, in his appearances on the show. As part of a special on the All-Stars reunion (Survivor: America's Tribal Council), a contest for the 18 players was created, where the winner would be selected by the viewing audience to receive a $1 million prize. Boneham unsurprisingly won this prize, with more than 80% of the votes cast. Many fans of the show saw this as a way of diluting the overall concept of the show, that instead of outwitting, outplaying and outlasting your fellow tribe members to win the game, a player could now play specifically just to gain popularity with the show's audience, regardless of how well they played the game, and still be rewarded with a large prize.
In January 2006, Richard Hatch, the winner of the first season of Survivor, was charged and found guilty of failing to report his winnings to the IRS to avoid taxes. He was sentenced to four years and three months in prison.
In the beginning of Survivor: Cook Islands, the tribes were grouped according to their race. Probst claimed the choice came from the criticism that Survivor was "not ethnically diverse enough", but several long-term sponsors, including Campbell's Soup, Procter & Gamble, Home Depot, Coca Cola, and General Motors dropped their support of the show shortly after this announcement, leading to speculation that the decisions were in response to the controversy. Each company has either denied the link to the controversy or declined to comment, although the decision for General Motors to discontinue their sponsorship had been made months prior to the announcement of the racial split, and was thus purely coincidental.
The selection process for the 14th season came under fire when it was revealed that, of the entire Survivor: Fiji cast, only Gary Stritesky had gone through the application process for the show; the rest of the contestants were recruited. Probst defended the process, citing finding diversity of cast as a reason.
At the Survivor: China reunion show, Denise Martin told producers and the audience that she had been demoted to a janitor from a lunch lady due to the distraction she was to students from her appearance on the show. Because of her misfortune, Burnett awarded Martin $50,000. But Martin would later recant her story after the school district she worked for publicly stated that she had taken the custodial position before appearing on the show. Martin then decided to donate the $50,000 to charity.
A brief uncensored shot of Marcus Lehman's genitals during the premiere episode of Survivor: Gabon led to the show and network being asked to apologize for the incident.
Jim Early (aka Missyae), who was a user on one of the fan forums for Survivor, was sued by Burnett, his production company, and CBS in August 2010, for allegedly releasing detailed spoiler information for Survivor: Samoa and Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains. Early revealed that he was getting his information from Russell Hantz, a contestant on both seasons, through both phone calls and emails. Early complied in the lawsuit by providing such evidence, eventually leading to its dismissal in January 2011. Although legal action has yet to be taken against Hantz, the contract for a player in Survivor includes a liability of up to $5 million for the premature revealing of a season's results. Hantz has stated that the claim is false.
Contestants that did not make the jury in Survivor: Caramoan were not allowed on stage for the reunion show. While Jeff Probst claimed that the new stage could not accommodate all 18 of the attending contestants, the format change was panned because the show's fans and fellow contestants felt that it was unfair for them to be left out in the audience. Erik Reichenbach, who finished 5th and did not even get a chance to speak at the reunion, called out the producers for their treatment of the contestants. Calling it a farce, he criticized how the reunion show left so many unanswered questions about the other contestants and his own evacuation during the season finale. He also criticized how the pre-jury members were completely left out in favor of featuring the show's former contestants, like Rob Mariano and Rudy Boesch.
The wild success of Survivor spawned a wide range of merchandise from the very first season. While early items available were limited to buffs, water bottles, hats, t-shirts, and other typical souvenir items, the marketability of the franchise has grown tremendously. Today, fans can find innumerable items, including computer and board games, interactive online games, mugs, tribal-themed jewelry, beach towels, dog tags, magnets, multi-function tools, DVD seasons, Survivor party kits, insider books, soundtracks, and more.
Season One: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments January 9, 2001
Season Two: The Greatest and Most Outrageous Moments September 25, 2001
Seasons 1, 2, 7, 8, 9 and 10 were released in stores. The remaining seasons have been released exclusively on Amazon.com through their CreateSpace manufacture on demand program.
The Complete First Season: Borneo May 11, 2004
The Complete Second Season: The Australian Outback April 26, 2005
The Complete Third Season: Africa October 5, 2010
The Complete Fourth Season: Marquesas October 5, 2010
The Complete Fifth Season: Thailand October 25, 2011
The Complete Sixth Season: The Amazon November 22, 2011
The Complete Seventh Season: Pearl Islands February 7, 2006
The Complete Eighth Season: All-Stars September 14, 2004
The Complete Ninth Season: Vanuatu – Islands of Fire December 5, 2006
The Complete Tenth Season: Palau August 29, 2006
The Complete Eleventh Season: Guatemala – The Maya Empire May 22, 2012
The Complete Twelfth Season: Panama – Exile Island May 22, 2012
The Complete Thirteenth Season: Cook Islands December 11, 2012
The Complete Fourteenth Season: Fiji December 11, 2012
The Complete Fifteenth Season: China January 27, 2014
The Complete Sixteenth Season: Micronesia – Fans vs. Favorites January 31, 2014
The Complete Seventeenth Season: Gabon – Earth's Last Eden TBA
The Complete Eighteenth Season: Tocantins – The Brazilian Highlands TBA
The Complete Twentieth Season: Heroes vs. Villains February 22, 2011
Complete seasons on iTunes
Season 9: Vanuatu – Islands of Fire
Season 10: Palau
Season 11: Guatemala – The Maya Empire
Season 12: Panama – Exile Island
Season 13: Cook Islands
Season 14: Fiji
Season 15: China
Season 16: Micronesia – Fans vs. Favorites
Season 17: Gabon – Earth's Last Eden
Season 18: Tocantins – The Brazilian Highlands
Season 19: Samoa
Season 20: Heroes vs. Villains
Season 21: Nicaragua
Season 22: Redemption Island
Season 23: South Pacific
Season 24: One World
Season 25: Philippines
Season 26: Caramoan
Season 27: Blood vs. Water
Season 28: Cagayan
In the 2001 Survivor video game for PC, developed by Infogrames, it allows players to play and create characters for the game based on the Pulau Tiga or Australian Outback cast members. The game also includes a character creation system for making custom characters.
Gameplay consists of choosing survivors' skills (fishing, cooking, etc.), forming alliances, developing relationships with other tribe members, and voting off competitors at tribal council.
The game was very poorly received by critics. GameSpot gave the game a 'Terrible' score of 2.0 out of 10, saying "If you're harboring even a tiny urge to buy this game, please listen very carefully to this advice: Don't do it." Likewise, IGN gave the game a 'Terrible' 2.4 out of 10, stating "It is horribly boring and repetitive. The graphics are weak and even the greatest Survivor fan would break the CD in two after playing it for 20 minutes." The game was the recipient of Game Revolution's lowest score of all time, an F-. An 'interactive review' was created specially for the game, and features interactive comments like "The Survival periods are about as much fun as" followed by a drop-down menu, "watching paint dry/throbbing hemorrhoids/staring at air/being buried alive."
On November 4, 2009, it was announced that a second game based on the show would be turned into a video game. The game would require players to participate in various challenges like those in the reality shows in order to win.
In late 2013, former Survivor: Micronesia and Caramoan contestant Erik Reichenbach launched a Kickstarter campaign for a Survivor styled online mobile app called "Islands of Chaos". It pits players from all over the world in a battle of challenges and strategy to be the last one standing. If the campaign is successful, the plan is to release the game free of charge on a range of platforms including on Apple and Android devices.
Various soundtracks have been released featuring music composed by Russ Landau, including soundtracks for seasons 9 through 27 (with the exception of season 14).
The Tiki Twirl thrill ride at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California was originally called Survivor: The Ride. The ride includes a rotating platform that moves along an undulating track. Riders can be sprayed by water guns hidden in oversized tribal masks. Theme elements included drums and other familiar Survivor musical accents playing in the background, Survivor memorabilia throughout the queue line and other merchandise for sale in nearby gift shops.
Portal icon Television in the United States portal
Survivor (UK TV series)
Survivor South Africa
List of longest-running U.S. primetime television series
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Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Survivor (U.S. TV show)
Survivor at the Internet Movie Database
Survivor at TV.com
Mark Burnett (series developer) · Charlie Parsons (creator)
2000: Borneo ·
2001: The Australian Outback ·
2002: Marquesas ·
2003: The Amazon ·
Pearl Islands ·
2004: All-Stars ·
2005: Palau ·
2006: Panama ·
Cook Islands ·
2007: Fiji ·
2008: Micronesia ·
2009: Tocantins ·
2010: Heroes vs. Villains ·
2011: Redemption Island ·
South Pacific ·
2012: One World ·
2013: Caramoan ·
Blood vs. Water ·
2014: Cagayan ·
San Juan del Sur
Richard Hatch ·
Tina Wesson ·
Ethan Zohn ·
Vecepia Towery ·
Brian Heidik ·
Jenna Morasca ·
Sandra Diaz-Twine ·
Amber Brkich ·
Chris Daugherty ·
Tom Westman ·
Danni Boatwright ·
Aras Baskauskas ·
Yul Kwon ·
Earl Cole ·
Todd Herzog ·
Parvati Shallow ·
Bob Crowley ·
J.T. Thomas ·
Natalie White ·
Fabio Birza ·
Rob Mariano ·
Sophie Clarke ·
Kim Spradlin ·
Denise Stapley ·
John Cochran ·
Tyson Apostol ·
List of contestants ·
List of tribes ·
Survivor Live ·
Tiki Twirl ·
Jeff Probst (host) ·
Bruce Beresford-Redman (producer)
Nielsen Media Research top-rated United States network television show
CBS Network programming (current and upcoming)
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